Clara cells are nonciliated, nonmucous, secretory cells of the pulmonary airways. These cells are known to secrete a variety of proteins, including Clara cell 10-kDa protein/uteroglobin. This protein consists of a homodimer of 70-77 amino acid polypeptides arranged in antiparallel fashion. In vitro testing suggests that the protein suppresses inflammation. The physiologic role of the protein remains to be determined.