AgrB has been suggested to be responsible for the posttranslational modification in staphylococci that leads to the production of the thiolactone-containing agr peptide pheromone. We demonstrate that AgrB is located in the cytoplasmic membrane. Vectors were constructed for the xylose-inducible overexpression of agrB, and of agrB and agrD together. A Staphylococcus epidermidis strain deleted for agr and containing these vectors was assayed for AgrB protein and pheromone production. The lack of adequate pheromone production suggests the involvement of additional factors in the production of the agr pheromone.