Physical localization of single-copy sequences on pachytene chromosomes in maize (Zea mays L.) by chromosome in situ suppression hybridization

Genome. 2000 Dec;43(6):1081-3.


A new approach for locating single-copy DNA sequences on pachytene chromosomes of maize (Zea mays L.) was developed. A cosmid clone with homologous sequences to a molecular marker (umc105a) linked to a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for resistance against sugarcane borer (SCB) was physically mapped by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to the short arm of chromosome 9. The marker umc105a was genetically placed in the centromeric region. To suppress signals generated by maize repetitive DNA, competitive in situ suppression (CISS) hybridization was necessary to obtain specific signals from umc105a. A centromere specific DNA probe (CentC) was used in a double-labeling technique as a reference marker. Fluorescence signals generated by umc105a cosmid and CentC were specific and highly reproducible. Thus the single-copy DNA sequence of umc105a was physically localized on the short arm of chromosome 9 near the telomere. This is the first report of physical localization of single-copy DNA sequence by CISS hybridization to a maize pachytene chromosome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes
  • Genome, Plant
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Zea mays / genetics*