We demonstrate here that SMART PCR-amplified cDNAs arrayed on a nylon membrane are suitable for high-throughput tissue expression profiling when starting biological materials are limited. We show that SMART cDNA accurately reflects gene expression patterns found in total RNA by comparing the expression level of several target genes in SMART PCR-amplified cDNAs and their corresponding total RNAs. We also arrayed cDNAs from 68 matched tumor and normal samples on a nylon membrane to determine whether SMART PCR-amplified cDNA could be used for detecting differentially expressed genes in these tissues. These arrays containing normalized tumor and normal cDNAs were hybridized with probes for glutathione peroxidase and gelsolin. The hybridization results revealed cancer-related and patient-specific gene expression differences between tumor and normal tissues for these genes. These studies show that SMART PCR-amplified cDNAs maintain the complexity of the original mRNA population and are thus suitable for high-throughput studies to compare the relative abundance of target genes and to detect differentially expressed genes in a wide variety of tissues simultaneously.