Fungal Peritonitis Caused by Curvularia Species in a Child Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis

Pediatr Nephrol. 2001 Jan;16(1):35-7. doi: 10.1007/s004670000481.


We report the first case of peritonitis caused by Curvularia species in a child undergoing peritoneal dialysis. He presented with gray-black proteinaceous material obstructing the lumen of his Tenckhoff catheter. Although the peritoneal fluid was cloudy, the patient suffered neither significant abdominal tenderness nor systemic symptoms. Catheter removal and treatment with amphotericin B allowed complete recovery and return to peritoneal dialysis within 7 days. Outdoor play in a wooded environment may have allowed contact of this saprophytic fungus with the child's indwelling catheter transfer set.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Amphotericin B / therapeutic use
  • Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use
  • Catheters, Indwelling / microbiology
  • Child
  • Device Removal
  • Equipment Contamination
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mitosporic Fungi*
  • Mycoses* / drug therapy
  • Peritoneal Dialysis / adverse effects*
  • Peritoneal Dialysis / instrumentation
  • Peritonitis / microbiology*


  • Antifungal Agents
  • Amphotericin B