Periodontal disease: link to cardiovascular disease

Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2000 Jun;21(6):463-6, 468, 470 passim; quiz 484.


Poor oral hygiene that leads to dental infections could contribute to adverse medical outcomes such as cardiovascular disease. Twelve studies of varying degrees of design rigor have associated dental conditions, such as periodontal disease, missing teeth, and edentulousness, with either coronary heart disease or a cerebral vascular accident. Six of the studies were longitudinal so that the demonstration of the oral health parameters as significant predictors of the cardiovascular event would elevate the dental parameter to the status of a risk factor. Because dental diseases (especially periodontal disease) are treatable, the dental component is a modifiable risk factor; therefore, maintaining good oral health should receive the highest priority for a healthy life.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Infections
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / complications*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / complications
  • Coronary Disease / complications
  • Forecasting
  • Health Priorities
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Mouth, Edentulous / complications
  • Oral Hygiene
  • Periodontal Diseases / complications*
  • Periodontal Diseases / microbiology
  • Periodontal Diseases / prevention & control
  • Risk Factors
  • Tooth Loss / complications