Pre-injury crime, substance abuse, and neurobehavioural functioning after traumatic brain injury

Brain Inj. 2001 Jan;15(1):53-63. doi: 10.1080/02699050150209138.

Abstract

There is limited information regarding the effects of pre-injury history of arrest or history of substance use on neurobehavioural functioning after brain injury. The current study included 211 patients with traumatic brain injury, who were seen for a follow-up neuropsychological evaluation in an outpatient setting. An effort was made to distinguish between (1) patients with a history of pre-injury arrests and patients without a history of pre-injury arrests, (2) patients classified as substance abusers and non-abusers, and (3) patients with and without a history of pre-injury illicit drug use on the basis of demographic characteristics, injury characteristics, and neurobehavioural functioning. Results indicate significant differences between patients with a history of pre-injury arrests and patients without a history of pre-injury arrests in terms of demographic and injury characteristics. Differences were also noted between persons classified as substance abusers and non-abusers in terms of demographic and injury characteristics, and neurobehavioural functioning. Clinical implications and future research are discussed.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Injuries / complications
  • Brain Injuries / epidemiology
  • Brain Injuries / psychology*
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology
  • Cognition Disorders / psychology
  • Electroencephalography
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology
  • Mental Disorders / etiology
  • Mental Disorders / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Nervous System Diseases / epidemiology
  • Nervous System Diseases / etiology
  • Nervous System Diseases / psychology*
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Trauma Centers