In vivo imaging of gene expression:

Acad Radiol. 2001 Jan;8(1):15-23. doi: 10.1016/s1076-6332(03)80739-0.


With the ability to readily engineer genes, create knock-in and knock-out models of human disease, and replace and insert genes in clinical trials of gene therapy, it has become clear that imaging will play a critical role in these fields. Imaging is particularly helpful in recording temporal and spatial resolution of gene expression in vivo, determining vector distribution, and, ultimately, understanding endogenous gene expression during disease development. While endeavors are under way to image targets ranging from DNA to entire phenotypes in vivo, this short review focuses on in vivo imaging of gene expression with magnetic resonance and optical techniques.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diagnostic Imaging* / methods
  • Diagnostic Imaging* / trends
  • Gene Expression*
  • Genetic Engineering* / methods
  • Genetic Engineering* / trends
  • Genetic Therapy / trends
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*