Disparity tuning in macaque area V4

Neuroreport. 2001 Feb 12;12(2):365-9. doi: 10.1097/00001756-200102120-00036.


Neural processing of stereoscopic depth is conventionally associated with the dorsal (spatial) pathway in primate visual cortex. The role of depth information in the ventral (object) pathway has been less certain. We found prominent tuning for stereoscopic disparity in area V4, an intermediate stage in the ventral pathway. Eighty percent of the cells in our sample exhibited significant disparity tuning over the -1.0 degree to 1.0 degree range, and the majority showed > 2:1 response differences. Tuning function shapes were similar to those reported previously in other visual areas. We observed a significant tuning bias towards crossed (near) disparities. This could reflect an emphasis in the ventral pathway on foreground objects or parts of objects projecting towards the viewer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Depth Perception / physiology*
  • Eye Movements
  • Female
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Vision Disparity / physiology*
  • Visual Cortex / physiology*
  • Visual Pathways / physiology