Insulin resistance: an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease?

Diabetes Obes Metab. 1999 May;1 Suppl 1:S23-31. doi: 10.1046/j.1463-1326.1999.0010s1023.x.


Population-based studies have shown that patients with type 2 diabetes have a higher cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and an increased all-cause mortality compared with non-diabetic subjects. In non-diabetic subjects, hyperinsulinaemia not only has been associated with an increased cardiovascular risk, but is also related with a number of other cardiovascular risk factors--hyperglycaemia, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, and a central body fat distribution--that constitute the insulin resistance syndrome and are also characteristic of type 2 diabetes. After 23 years of follow-up in the Paris Prospective Study, both fasting and 2-h insulin concentrations were related with all-cause mortality in a U-shaped fashion, with low and high concentrations being associated with an increased risk, independently of other risk factors; in contrast, while high insulin levels carried an increased risk for cardiovascular and coronary heart disease mortality, this was not independent of other risk factors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Body Composition
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / complications
  • Hyperinsulinism / complications
  • Hyperlipidemias / complications
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Insulin Resistance*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Syndrome