Molecular mechanisms underlying endocytosis and sorting of ErbB receptor tyrosine kinases

FEBS Lett. 2001 Feb 16;490(3):142-52. doi: 10.1016/s0014-5793(01)02117-2.

Abstract

The major process that regulates the amplitude and kinetics of signal transduction by tyrosine kinase receptors is endocytic removal of active ligand-receptor complexes from the cell surface, and their subsequent sorting to degradation or to recycling. Using the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases we exemplify the diversity of the down regulation process, and concentrate on two sorting steps whose molecular details are emerging. These are the Eps15-mediated sorting to clathrin-coated regions of the plasma membrane and the c-Cbl-mediated targeting of receptors to lysosomal degradation. Like in yeast cells, sorting involves not only protein phosphorylation but also conjugation of ubiquitin molecules. The involvement of other molecules is reviewed and recent observations that challenge the negative regulatory role of endocytosis are described. Finally, we discuss the relevance of receptor down regulation to cancer therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Protein Complex alpha Subunits
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport
  • Animals
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Caveolae / metabolism
  • Clathrin-Coated Vesicles / metabolism
  • Endocytosis*
  • Genes, erbB*
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism
  • Protein Transport
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Yeasts / enzymology
  • Yeasts / metabolism

Substances

  • Adaptor Protein Complex alpha Subunits
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • EPS15 protein, human
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases