MDM2 and MDMX can interact differently with ARF and members of the p53 family

FEBS Lett. 2001 Feb 16;490(3):202-8. doi: 10.1016/s0014-5793(01)02124-x.


Members of the p53 family of transcription factors have essential roles in tumor suppression and in development. MDM2 is an essential regulator of p53 that can inhibit the transcriptional activity of p53, shuttle p53 out of the nucleus, and target p53 for ubiquitination-mediated degradation. Little is known about the interaction and selectivity of different members of the p53 family (p53, p63, and p73) and the MDM2 family (MDM2 and MDMX). Here we show that the transcriptional activities of p53 and p73, but not that of p63, were inhibited by both MDM2 and MDMX. Consistent with these, we found that MDMX can physically interact with p53 and p73, but not with p63. Moreover, ectopically expressed MDM2 and MDMX could induce alterations in the subcellular localization of p73, but did not affect the subcellular localization of p53 and p63. Finally, we demonstrate that while ARF can interact with MDM2 and inhibit the regulation of p53 by MDM2, no interaction was found between ARF and MDMX. These data reveal that significant differences and selectivity exist between the regulation of different members of the p53 family by MDM2 and MDMX.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors / metabolism*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins*
  • Nuclear Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphoproteins / genetics
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism*
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Transport
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Trans-Activators*
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tumor Protein p73
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins


  • CKAP4 protein, human
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • TP63 protein, human
  • TP73 protein, human
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tumor Protein p73
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • MDM2 protein, human
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors