Familial focal segmental glomerulosclerosis

Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 2001 Mar;10(2):183-7. doi: 10.1097/00041552-200103000-00005.


There is increasing recognition of the importance of genetic factors in the development of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and related proteinuric disorders. Recently, four genes have been identified which, when defective, cause focal segmental glomerulosclerosis or nephrosis. All of these genes appear to be important in the maintenance of glomerular podocyte function. However, not all cases of familial nephrosis or proteinuria are explained by defects in these genes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actinin / genetics
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Animals
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Mice
  • Microfilament Proteins*
  • Mutation
  • Proteins / genetics


  • ACTN4 protein, human
  • Actn4 protein, mouse
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • CD2-associated protein
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Proteins
  • nephrin
  • Actinin