Safety and immunogenicity of four doses of Neisseria meningitidis group C vaccine conjugated to CRM197 in United States infants

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001 Feb;20(2):153-9. doi: 10.1097/00006454-200102000-00007.


Background: Following widespread use of conjugate pneumococcal vaccine, Neisseria meningitidis likely will become the leading cause of bacterial sepsis and meningitis in US children. This report describes the safety and immunogenicity in US children of four consecutive doses of a meningococcal group C vaccine conjugated to CRM197 via reductive amination (MnCC).

Methods: One hundred six healthy 2-month-old infants received MnCC at 2, 4 and 6 months of age in a randomized, controlled double blind study; children in the other treatment arm were given a 7-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine. Parents reenrolled 64 of these children at 12 to 15 months to receive a fourth dose of MnCC. Routine childhood vaccines, including DTP, were coadministered. Temperatures and symptoms were recorded for 3 days after each immunization. Serum enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay IgG and bactericidal antibodies were measured prevaccination and before and 1 month after Doses 3 and 4.

Results: Moderate to severe local reactions, defined as erythema or induration > or =2.4 cm or pain that interfered with limb movement was reported after 0 to 3.2% of MnCC injections, depending on the reaction and dose. Fever occurred in 23 to 37% of children, but the contribution of MnCC to the febrile reactions is unknown. Geometric mean concentrations of IgG antibody to group C meningococcal polysaccharide were 3.72 microg/ml after Dose 3 and 8.03 microg/ml after the booster. Geometric mean functional serum bactericidal antibody titers after Doses 3 and 4 were 1:463 and 1:2341, respectively. One hundred percent of children had a serum bactericidal antibody titer of > or =1:64 after three doses and > or = 1:128 after the booster.

Conclusions: The MnCC vaccine had an acceptable safety profile and generated high titers of bactericidal antibody in immunized US infants and toddlers. It appears to be an attractive candidate vaccine for the prevention of serogroup C meningococcal disease in young children.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Bacterial / blood
  • Bacterial Proteins / immunology
  • Bacterial Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Bacterial Vaccines / adverse effects
  • Bacterial Vaccines / immunology*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunization, Secondary
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Meningitis, Meningococcal / immunology
  • Meningitis, Meningococcal / prevention & control*
  • Neisseria meningitidis / immunology*
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines / immunology
  • Safety
  • Sepsis / immunology
  • Sepsis / prevention & control
  • United States
  • Vaccines, Conjugate / administration & dosage
  • Vaccines, Conjugate / adverse effects
  • Vaccines, Conjugate / immunology


  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Bacterial Vaccines
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Conjugate
  • CRM197 (non-toxic variant of diphtheria toxin)