IkappaB/NF-kappaB mediated cisplatin resistance in HeLa cells after low-dose gamma-irradiation is associated with altered SODD expression

Apoptosis. 2000 Jun;5(3):255-63. doi: 10.1023/a:1009656513307.

Abstract

Fractionated gamma-irradiation (15 x 2 Gy in 3 weeks) induces a cellular resistance in HeLa cells against cisplatin exposure but not against irradiation. The mechanisms underlying this cellular resistance are associated with major changes in the TNFR1-dependent transduction pathway. The resistant HeLa/B cells exhibit increased levels of NF-kappaB with temporally independent regulation of the subunits NF-kappaB50 and NF-kappaB65. Blocking IkappaB degradation by the proteasome inhibitor PSI, which abolishes the release of the active NF-kappaB protein, induces cell death much more effectively in the parental than in the resistant HeLa/B cells. The translocation of NF-kappaB does not seem to be affected in a similar manner since masking of the translocation sequence by NF-kappaB SN50 enhances cisplatin toxicity to the same degree in both cell lines and overcomes drug resistance. Changes in upstream signaling are suggested by increased sensitivity of the parental HeLa cells to cisplatin in the presence of neutralizing anti-TNFR1. In HeLa/B cells, reduced expression of the 50 kDa silencer of death domain, SODD, is accompanied by constitutive overexpression of a 40-42 kDa SODD-like protein. A possible involvement of SODD in cisplatin resistance is discussed, which may shift the balance between life and death in the TNF receptor pathway to increased NF-kappaB activation.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Apoptosis*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspase 9
  • Caspases / metabolism
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cell Survival / radiation effects
  • Cisplatin / pharmacology*
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / radiation effects
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Fas Ligand Protein
  • Gamma Rays*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • I-kappa B Kinase
  • I-kappa B Proteins / metabolism*
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism*
  • Oligopeptides / pharmacology
  • Protein Subunits
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Signal Transduction
  • fas Receptor / metabolism

Substances

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • BAG4 protein, human
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • FASLG protein, human
  • Fas Ligand Protein
  • I-kappa B Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • NF-kappa B
  • Oligopeptides
  • Protein Subunits
  • Proteins
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • benzyloxycarbonyl-isoleucyl-glutamyl(O-tert-butyl)-alanyl-leucinal
  • fas Receptor
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • RIPK1 protein, human
  • Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • CHUK protein, human
  • I-kappa B Kinase
  • IKBKB protein, human
  • IKBKE protein, human
  • CASP8 protein, human
  • CASP9 protein, human
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspase 9
  • Caspases
  • Cisplatin