Arachidonic acid metabolites mediate angiotensin II-induced NADH/NADPH oxidase activity and hypertrophy in vascular smooth muscle cells

Antioxid Redox Signal. Summer 1999;1(2):167-79. doi: 10.1089/ars.1999.1.2-167.


Previously, we showed that angiotensin II stimulation of the NADH/NADPH oxidase is involved in hypertrophy of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Here, we examine the pathways leading to oxidase activation, and demonstrate that arachidonic acid metabolites mediate hypertrophy by activating the p22phox-based NADH/NADPH oxidase. Angiotensin II stimulates phospholipase A2, releasing arachidonic acid, which stimulates oxidase activity in vitro. When arachidonic acid metabolism is blocked with 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid (ETYA) or nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), oxidase activity decreases by 80 +/- 10%. In VSMC transfected with antisense p22phox to attenuate NADH/NADPH oxidase expression, arachidonic acid is unable to stimulate NADH/NADPH-dependent superoxide production. In these cells, or in cells in which NADH/NADPH oxidase activity is inhibited by diphenylene iodonium, angiotensin II-induced [3H]leucine incorporation is also inhibited. Attenuation of oxidase activation by inhibiting arachidonic acid metabolism with ETYA, NDGA, baicalein, or SKF-525A also inhibits angiotensin II-stimulated protein synthesis (74 +/- 2% and 34 +/- 1%, respectively). Thus, endogenous noncyclooxygenase arachidonic acid metabolites mediate angiotensin II-stimulated protein synthesis in cultured VSMC by activating the NADH/NADPH oxidase, providing mechanistic evidence for redox control of VSMC hypertrophy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology*
  • Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
  • Animals
  • Aorta, Thoracic
  • Arachidonic Acid / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Arachidonic Acid / biosynthesis
  • Arachidonic Acid / metabolism*
  • Arachidonic Acid / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Hypertrophy
  • Intracellular Fluid / metabolism
  • Membrane Transport Proteins*
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / enzymology*
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / metabolism
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / pathology*
  • NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases / genetics
  • NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases / metabolism*
  • NADPH Dehydrogenase / genetics
  • NADPH Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • NADPH Oxidases
  • Phospholipases A / physiology
  • Phospholipases A2
  • Phosphoproteins / genetics
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2
  • Receptors, Angiotensin / physiology
  • Transfection


  • Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2
  • Receptors, Angiotensin
  • Angiotensin II
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases
  • NADPH Oxidases
  • CYBA protein, human
  • NADPH Dehydrogenase
  • Phospholipases A
  • Phospholipases A2