Constrictive pericarditis secondary to Coccidioides immitis infection in a dog

J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2001 Feb 15;218(4):537-40, 526. doi: 10.2460/javma.2001.218.537.

Abstract

A 4-year-old castrated male mixed-breed dog with a history of coccidioidomycosis was referred for evaluation of abdominal and pleural effusion. Results of radiography, ultrasonography, cytologic evaluation of thoracic fluid, and serologic testing supported a diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis secondary to infection with Coccidioides immitis. Aggressive treatment for presumptive coccidioidomycosis was begun, but the dog's condition continued to deteriorate, and the dog was euthanatized. At necropsy, the pericardium was thicker than normal and fibrotic and adhered to the epicardium. Microscopically, the pericardium and 1 section of epicardium contained lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates with a few macrophages and neutrophils. Coccidioides immitis was cultured from pericardial fluid. A search of records from the Arizona Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory for 1988 through 1998 revealed that of 46 dogs in which a diagnosis of coccidioidomycosis was confirmed at necropsy, 13 had involvement of the heart or pericardium.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Coccidioides
  • Coccidioidomycosis / complications
  • Coccidioidomycosis / pathology
  • Coccidioidomycosis / veterinary*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Dog Diseases / diagnosis
  • Dog Diseases / etiology*
  • Dog Diseases / pathology
  • Dogs
  • Euthanasia / veterinary
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Heart Failure / diagnosis
  • Heart Failure / veterinary
  • Male
  • Pericarditis, Constrictive / diagnosis
  • Pericarditis, Constrictive / etiology
  • Pericarditis, Constrictive / veterinary*
  • Pleural Effusion / veterinary
  • Radiography, Thoracic / veterinary