Aims: To examine the angiographic (quantitative coronary angiography), morphometric, light microscopic (LM) (i.e., histology and immunohistochemical staining) and electron microscopic (EM) findings after implantation of phosphorylcholine (PC)-coated compared to uncoated stents in porcine coronary arteries.
Methods: Forty (25 PC-coated, 15 uncoated) divYsio stents were implanted into the coronary arteries of 20 pigs. Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) was performed pre-stent and post-implantation in fifteen pigs, at 28 days. Two pigs were killed at 5 days (LM and scanning EM), one pig at 14 days (scanning EM) and 17 pigs at 28 days (LM, scanning EM, transmission EM). At 28 days, thirty-two of 34 stented segments excised were formalin-fixed, of which 30 were embedded in resin and sectioned for morphometry and LM. Remaining stents were examined by TEM and SEM.
Results: No angiographically occlusive thrombosis occurred in any of the stents. LM at 5 days showed endothelialization of PC-coated and uncoated stents, which was also confirmed by scanning EM at 14 days. At 28 days, QCA and morphometry showed no significant differences between PC-coated and uncoated stents. A few inflammatory cells were seen in both stent types at 5 days but there was no inflammatory or additional tissue reaction to PC-coated compared to uncoated stents at 28 days.
Conclusions: The divYsio stents, with or without PC coating, performed equally well in terms of acute patency, 28-day QCA and morphometry. The PC coating allows a stent to endothelialize normally and is not associated with specific histological changes. The PC coating on the divYsio stent appears biocompatible.