Rosiglitazone monotherapy is effective in patients with type 2 diabetes

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Jan;86(1):280-8. doi: 10.1210/jcem.86.1.7157.

Abstract

This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of rosiglitazone monotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes. After a 4-week placebo run-in period, 493 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomized to receive rosiglitazone [2 or 4 mg twice daily (bd)] or placebo for 26 weeks. The primary end point was change in hemoglobin A(1c); other variables assessed included fasting plasma glucose, fructosamine, endogenous insulin secretion, urinary albumin excretion, serum lipids, and adverse events. Rosiglitazone (2 and 4 mg bd) decreased mean hemoglobin A(1c) relative to placebo by 1.2 and 1.5 percentage points, respectively, and reduced fasting plasma glucose concentrations relative to placebo by 3.22 and 4.22 mmol/L, respectively. Fasting plasma insulin and insulin precursor molecules decreased significantly. Homeostasis model assessment estimates indicate that rosiglitazone (2 and 4 mg bd) reduced insulin resistance by 16.0% and 24.6%, respectively, and improved ss-cell function over baseline by 49.5% and 60.0%, respectively. Urinary albumin excretion decreased significantly in the rosiglitazone (4 mg bd) group. There was no increase in adverse events with rosiglitazone. In the short-term, rosiglitazone is an insulin sensitizer that is effective and safe as monotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes who are inadequately controlled by lifestyle interventions.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / adverse effects
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Islets of Langerhans / drug effects
  • Islets of Langerhans / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rosiglitazone
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Thiazoles / adverse effects
  • Thiazoles / therapeutic use*
  • Thiazolidinediones*

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Thiazoles
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Rosiglitazone