Structural analysis of compartmental models for the hepatic kinetics of drugs

J Lab Clin Med. 1975 May;85(5):865-78.


The structure of some compartmental models for the analysis of the hepatobiliary kinetics of bromosulphalein (BSP) was studied in order to evaluate their adequacy in the estimation of the processes involved in the hepatic metabolism of drugs, namely uptake, conugation, and biliary excretion. Biological measurements were obtained from 4 cholecystectomized patients with a biliary T-tube. Blood and bile specimens were taken at various intervals after the administration of a single intravenous dose of BSP and analyzed for both direct BSP quantitation and chromatographic separation and estimation of BSP metabolic fractions. The structural analysis was carried out by using a mathematical model that described the kinetics of BSP. By means of computer simulations different measurement situations were analyzed, showing for each experimental condition the available information and the degree of accuracy of each estimated parameter. The obtained results show that the use of compartmental models can provide a useful theoretical framework by which the experimental data can be interpreted for the evaluation of the hepatobiliary metabolism and for a discriminant analysis between different physiopathological conditions.

MeSH terms

  • Bile / analysis
  • Bile Ducts / drug effects
  • Cholecystectomy
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Computers
  • Humans
  • Intubation
  • Kinetics
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Models, Biological*
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Sulfobromophthalein / analysis
  • Sulfobromophthalein / blood
  • Sulfobromophthalein / metabolism*


  • Sulfobromophthalein