Transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) evaluation of prosthetic valves

Cardiol Clin. 2000 Nov;18(4):751-71. doi: 10.1016/s0733-8651(05)70178-8.


TEE overcomes many of the imaging constraints associated with transthoracic echocardiography for the assessment of valvular anatomy and function. Additional imaging artifacts and constraints associated with prosthetic valves are minimized or overcome with TEE. As such, TEE allows assessment of prosthetic valve anatomy and function and paraprosthetic anatomy, and serves as the diagnostic imaging modality of choice for patients with suspected prosthesis dysfunction or endocarditis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artifacts
  • Bioprosthesis
  • Echocardiography, Doppler*
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal*
  • Endocarditis / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis* / adverse effects
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Valve / diagnostic imaging