Breastfeeding and chronic disease in childhood and adolescence

Pediatr Clin North Am. 2001 Feb;48(1):125-41, ix. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(05)70289-3.


A growing body of research suggests that infant feeding practices influence the risk for several chronic diseases of childhood and adolescence. Increased risks for type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, some childhood cancers, and inflammatory bowel disease have been associated with artificial infant feeding and short-term breastfeeding. As genetic susceptibility is understood more completely and gene-environment interactions are elucidated, evidence to either confirm or refute these findings will be forthcoming.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Breast Feeding*
  • Celiac Disease / epidemiology
  • Celiac Disease / immunology
  • Child
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / genetics
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / immunology
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / epidemiology
  • Milk, Human / physiology*
  • Neoplasms / epidemiology