Hiatal hernia and diaphragmatic eventration in a leopard (Panthera pardus)

J Zoo Wildl Med. 2000 Sep;31(3):379-82. doi: 10.1638/1042-7260(2000)031[0379:HHADEI]2.0.CO;2.


A 1-yr-old male leopard (Panthera pardus) presented for intermittent anorexia, emaciation, and generalized muscle wasting. Plain radiographs, ultrasonography, and esophageal endoscopy led to a diagnosis of diaphragmatic eventration with probable concurrent hiatal hernia. An exploratory laparotomy confirmed both diagnoses, and surgical repair and stabilization were performed. After surgery, the leopard was maintained on small liquid meals for 4 days, with a gradual return to normal diet over 2 wk. By 4 wk after surgery, the leopard was eating well and gaining weight, and it showed no recurrence of clinical signs for 2 yr subsequently, becoming mildly obese.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animal Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Animal Diseases / surgery
  • Animals
  • Anorexia / complications
  • Anorexia / veterinary
  • Carnivora*
  • Diaphragm / abnormalities*
  • Diaphragm / surgery
  • Hernia, Hiatal / diagnostic imaging
  • Hernia, Hiatal / surgery
  • Hernia, Hiatal / veterinary*
  • Laparotomy / veterinary
  • Male
  • Radiography
  • Weight Loss