Tea is the second most consumed beverage around the world behind water. Epidemiological evidence points to both green and black tea consumption being protective with respect to heart disease. However, epidemiological evidence does not prove cause and effect and is potentially flawed by confounding variables. The recent evidence with respect to teas' beneficial effects from in vitro and in vivo studies in both animals and humans will be covered in this review. The comparative benefits of green vs. black tea will be considered. Articles published through December, 1999 will be included.