Cost and cost-effectiveness guidelines: which ones to use?

Health Policy Plan. 2001 Mar;16(1):113-21. doi: 10.1093/heapol/16.1.113.


Given the increased awareness of the importance of cost-effectiveness in health care, there has been a growth in the number of published economic evaluations in recent years. Partly in response to concerns about deficiencies in the methodology of published studies, there has been a growth of interest in guidelines for economic evaluation. This paper reviews the various objectives of economic analyses, and then summarizes the existing groups of guidelines for cost and cost-effectiveness analyses. Finally, it compares and discusses the appropriate uses and limitations of the guidelines, with particular emphasis on those developed for applications in developing countries.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cost-Benefit Analysis / methods*
  • Developing Countries
  • Guidelines as Topic*
  • Health Services Research / methods*
  • Humans
  • Peer Review, Research