Maternal isodisomy for chromosome 2p causing severe congenital hypothyroidism

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Mar;86(3):1164-8. doi: 10.1210/jcem.86.3.7313.

Abstract

Severe congenital hypothyroidism (CH) due to a total iodide organification defect (TIOD) is usually due to mutations in the thyroid peroxidase (TPO) gene located at chromosome 2p25. A homozygous deletion [DeltaT2512 (codon 808)] in exon 14 was identified in a patient with classical TIOD. The transmission pattern of the TPO gene in this family was anomalous; the mother was heterozygous for the deletion; and the mutation was absent in the father. Polymorphic short tandem repeat (STR) markers confirmed paternity and demonstrated on chromosome 2 that the propositus was homozygous for most markers on chromosome 2p and that these were identical to one of the maternal 2p homologs. A normal karyotype was found in the propositus, his parents and sister. We conclude that the homozygosity in the patient is due to partial maternal isodisomy of the short arm of chromosome 2, carrying a defective TPO gene. The patient, born small for gestational age, develops and grows well and appears healthy (while being treated with thyroxine) and has a normal phenotype except for a unilateral preauricular skin tag. This shows that partial maternal isodisomy for chromosome 2p (2pter - 2p12) is compatible with a minimal influence on normal development.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2*
  • Congenital Hypothyroidism*
  • Gene Deletion
  • Genetic Markers
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Hypothyroidism / drug therapy
  • Hypothyroidism / genetics*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Iodide Peroxidase / genetics*
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • Pedigree
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Tandem Repeat Sequences
  • Thyroglobulin / blood
  • Thyrotropin / blood
  • Thyroxine / blood
  • Thyroxine / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Genetic Markers
  • Thyrotropin
  • Thyroglobulin
  • Iodide Peroxidase
  • Thyroxine