This study was undertaken with the aim of assessing the status of DNA damage in a normal healthy Indian population. The 62 male volunteers in this study belonged to the smoking, non-smoking, vegetarian and non-vegetarian categories, were well educated and aged between 23 and 57 years. The data revealed significant differences in the extent of DNA damage in the smokers versus non-smokers as well as between the vegetarians and non-vegetarians. A significant difference was also observed amongst the different groups of smokers depending on the extent of smoking. An age-dependent effect in DNA damage was also observed. This preliminary study has, for the first time, revealed differences in the extent of DNA damage in the normal Indian population depending on their eating and smoking habits as well as age.