Complementary roles of basal ganglia and cerebellum in learning and motor control

Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2000 Dec;10(6):732-9. doi: 10.1016/s0959-4388(00)00153-7.


The classical notion that the basal ganglia and the cerebellum are dedicated to motor control has been challenged by the accumulation of evidence revealing their involvement in non-motor, cognitive functions. From a computational viewpoint, it has been suggested that the cerebellum, the basal ganglia, and the cerebral cortex are specialized for different types of learning: namely, supervised learning, reinforcement learning and unsupervised learning, respectively. This idea of learning-oriented specialization is helpful in understanding the complementary roles of the basal ganglia and the cerebellum in motor control and cognitive functions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Basal Ganglia / cytology
  • Basal Ganglia / physiology*
  • Cerebellum / cytology
  • Cerebellum / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Learning / physiology*
  • Motor Neurons / physiology
  • Movement / physiology*