The prognostic value of the immunohistochemical expression of epithelial and stromal syndecan-1 was evaluated in 296 patients with gastric carcinoma. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens of gastric adenocarcinomas were stained with mouse monoclonal antibody B-B4 against human syndecan-1. Loss of immunoreactivity (syndecan-1 immunoreactivity correlated with a higher stage of disease (stages II-IV), tumour location in the upper third of the stomach, nodal metastases (N1 or N2), positive stromal syndecan-1 staining, deep tumour penetration (to subserosa or deeper = T2-T4), larger tumour size (> or = 5 cm) and intestinal type of cancer. No correlation between epithelial syndecan-1 immunoreactivity and age, gender, distant metastases, grade of differentiation or Borrmann classification was observed. Positive stromal syndecan-1 immunoreactivity correlated with decreased epithelial syndecan-1 expression, intestinal type of cancer and Borrmann type I. Patients with low epithelial syndecan-1 expression in cancer cells had worse overall survival than patients with strong epithelial syndecan-1 staining (p = 0.0012). Stromal syndecan-1-positive patients had a worse outcome than patients with syndecan-1-negative stroma (p = 0.0193). In Cox multivariate analysis, stromal syndecan-1 immunoreactivity was a prognostic factor independent of TNM stage, surgery for cure and tumour size. Thus, the immunohistochemical expression of syndecan-1 might be a predictor of outcome in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma.
Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.