A key tool for assessing the relative cost-effectiveness of two treatments in health economics is the incremental C/E acceptability curve. We present Bayesian computations for this curve in the case where data on both costs and efficacy are available from a clinical trial. Analysis is given under various formulations of prior information. A case study is analysed in which reasonable prior information is shown to strengthen substantially the posterior inference, leading to a more conclusive assessment of cost-effectiveness. Calculations can be performed using readily available Bayesian software.
Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.