Cassette-accelerated rapid rat screen: a systematic procedure for the dosing and liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure ionization tandem mass spectrometric analysis of new chemical entities as part of new drug discovery

Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2001;15(5):335-40. doi: 10.1002/rcm.235.


This report addresses the continuing need for increased throughput in the evaluation of new chemical entities (NCEs) in terms of their pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters by describing an alternative procedure for increasing the throughput of the in vivo screening of NCEs in the oral rat PK model. The new approach is called "cassette-accelerated rapid rat screen" (CARRS). In this assay, NCEs are dosed individually (n = 2 rats/compound) in batches of six compounds per set. The assay makes use of a semi-automated protein precipitation procedure for sample preparation in a 96-well plate format. The liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC/API-MS/MS) assay is also streamlined by analyzing the samples as "cassettes of six". Using this new approach, a threefold increase in throughput was achieved over the previously reported "rapid rat screen".

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Area Under Curve
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical / methods*
  • Male
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Pharmacokinetics*
  • Pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley