Dietary strategies to reduce the burden of cancer and cardiovascular disease in the UK

Br J Nutr. 2000 Dec:84 Suppl 2:S211-6. doi: 10.1079/096582197388563.


The importance attributed to dietary change as a means of helping to achieve the major goals of the UK's public health policy as articulated in the Health of the Nation White paper (Department of Health, 1992) is less apparent in the most recent strategy document (Department of Health, 1999). Greater emphasis is given to amelioration of the socio-economic circumstances that are believed to contribute to inequalities in health. Better understanding of the elements of foods and diets which help protect health together with better evidence of effective dietary interventions are essential if the opportunities to use diet to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases are to be realised. This is likely to need new research strategies that take advantage of emerging information from genomics and proteomics to produce evidence of safety, efficacy and applicability. Ethical exploitation of the rapid growth in interest in 'functional foods' by the food industry will require a level of investment in biomedical research unusual in the past.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Diet*
  • Female
  • Folic Acid / administration & dosage
  • Food, Fortified
  • Health Policy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Obesity / prevention & control
  • Pregnancy
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United Kingdom
  • Vitamins / administration & dosage
  • beta Carotene / administration & dosage
  • beta Carotene / adverse effects


  • Vitamins
  • beta Carotene
  • Folic Acid