We found that the murine breast cancer cell line 4T1 constitutively produced several chemokines capable of recruiting T cells. Additionally, supernatants from the tumor cell line mediated chemotaxis of T cells in a pertussis toxin-sensitive manner, indicating that these chemokines were functional. However, we also found an impaired chemotactic ability of splenic T cells in mice bearing these same tumors. The receptors for RANTES, MCP-1, and SLC were desensitized. Thus, the impaired chemotactic ability of T cells in tumor-bearing mice may explain why tumors that secrete chemokines grow progressively in a host.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.