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, 119 (3), 239-44

Eruption of Third Permanent Molars After the Extraction of Second Permanent Molars. Part 2: Functional Occlusion and Periodontal Status

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Eruption of Third Permanent Molars After the Extraction of Second Permanent Molars. Part 2: Functional Occlusion and Periodontal Status

S Orton-Gibbs et al. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.

Abstract

Functional occlusion and periodontal health were investigated after orthodontic treatment that involved extraction of second molars and after eruption of the third molars in 37 patients (25 female, 12 male). The mean age was 21 years 9 months (range, 16 years 1 month-30 years 5 months). The third permanent molars invariably erupted into a position that maintained good functional occlusion. Sixty-three percent of patients had canine guidance in lateral excursion; the remainder of patients had satisfactory group function. There were only 2 non-working side interferences in the sample, 1 from a recently erupted mandibular third molar. The periodontal health of the sample was generally excellent. Plaque score and bleeding on probing was very low (1.7% of sites). Periodontal health around both maxillary and mandibular teeth was extremely good. When attachment loss was assessed, 2238 of 2240 sites were clinically healthy. One patient, who had generally poor oral hygiene, had a 4-mm probing depth interproximally on the maxillary first and third molar contact. There was no correlation between periodontal health and mandibular third molar position. Therefore, both functional occlusion and periodontal health in the sample were good after loss of second permanent molars and eruption of the third molars.

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