HIF-1 and Mechanisms of Hypoxia Sensing

Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2001 Apr;13(2):167-71. doi: 10.1016/s0955-0674(00)00194-0.

Abstract

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is an oxygen-regulated transcriptional activator that plays essential roles in mammalian development, physiology and disease pathogenesis. The HIF-1 alpha subunit is subjected to oxygen-dependent ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation that is mediated by the von Hippel-Lindau protein. Interaction of HIF-1 alpha transactivation domains with coactivators is induced by hypoxia. The signal transduction pathway remains enigmatic, but involves generation of reactive oxygen species. Nitric oxide induces HIF-1 alpha under non-hypoxic conditions but inhibits hypoxia-induced HIF-1 alpha expression.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia / physiopathology*
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • Nuclear Proteins / physiology*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors*

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • HIF1A protein, human
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Transcription Factors