An audit of tunnel position in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Knee. 2001 Mar;8(1):59-63. doi: 10.1016/s0968-0160(01)00067-9.


We audited 114 primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions. Notes were reviewed and tunnel positions assessed on lateral and AP radiographs. A literature review established optimal tunnel position. Sixteen surgeons performed 57 arthroscopic and 57 open reconstructions, using 24 hamstring and 90 bone-tendon-bone autografts. Eighty-five sets of radiographs were available for review. Sixty-five percent of femoral tunnels and 59% of the tibial tunnels were malpositioned in the sagittal plane. Guidelines for best practice are required for key procedures in each speciality. Tunnel position in ACL reconstruction can be easily measured and should be correct in at least 90% of cases.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / surgery*
  • Female
  • Femur / diagnostic imaging*
  • Femur / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patellar Ligament / transplantation
  • Radiography
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Tendons / transplantation
  • Tibia / diagnostic imaging*
  • Tibia / surgery
  • Transplantation, Autologous
  • Treatment Outcome