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. 2001 Mar;268(6):1596-604.
doi: 10.1046/j.1432-1033.2001.02030.x.

Biosynthesis of Cannabinoids. Incorporation Experiments With (13)C-labeled Glucoses

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Biosynthesis of Cannabinoids. Incorporation Experiments With (13)C-labeled Glucoses

M Fellermeier et al. Eur J Biochem. .
Free article

Abstract

The biosynthesis of cannabinoids was studied in cut sprouts of Cannabis sativa by incorporation experiments using mixtures of unlabeled glucose and [1-(13)C]glucose or [U-(13)C(6)]glucose. (13)C-labeling patterns of cannabichromenic acid and tetrahydrocannabinolic acid were analyzed by quantitative NMR spectroscopy. (13)C enrichments and coupling patterns show that the C(10)-terpenoid moiety is biosynthesized entirely or predominantly (> 98%) via the recently discovered deoxyxylulose phosphate pathway. The phenolic moiety is generated by a polyketide-type reaction sequence. The data support geranyl diphosphate and the polyketide, olivetolic acid, as specific intermediates in the biosynthesis of cannabinoids.

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