Purpose: To evaluate the occurrence of cystoid macular edema (CME) after lens extraction, anterior vitrectomy, and intraocular lens implantation (IOL) in children using angioscopy after administration of oral fluorescein.
Setting: Centers in Tamil Nadu, India, and Hong Kong, China.
Methods: This study comprised 18 children (28 eyes) who had cataract extraction, posterior capsulorhexis, anterior vitrectomy, and in-the-bag IOL implantation. The presence of CME was evaluated 1 week and 4 to 6 weeks after surgery using fluorescein angioscopy.
Results: Anterior chamber fibrin occurred in 4 eyes (14.3%). Fluorescein angioscopy was performed 1 week after surgery in all eyes and after 1 month in 25 eyes (89.3%). No eye demonstrated the presence of CME on fluorescein angioscopy.
Conclusions: Cystoid macular edema did not occur in the early period after pediatric cataract surgery using current surgical techniques. Longer follow-up is required to ascertain the incidence of CME in the late postoperative period.