Purpose: Surgical removal remains the only potentially curative therapy for renal cell carcinoma. In this study we evaluated the inhibitory effect of the replication competent engineered herpes simplex virus type 1, G207, for renal cell carcinoma in vitro and in vivo.
Materials and methods: The nature of G207 enables it to replicate within cancer cells, thus, causing cytolysis, but replication is restricted within normal cells. The susceptibility of the human renal cancer cell lines ACHN and A498 to G207 at a multiplicity of infection of 0.1 was examined. In addition, the growth characteristics of G207 was assessed. In vivo athymic mice bearing subcutaneous tumors were inoculated with 1 x 10(7) plaque forming units of G207 intra-neoplastically. For pathological analysis subcutaneous tumors were stained with X-gal.
Results: Two cell lines were efficiently destroyed by G207 within 1 week. The viral yields of G207 increased in a time dependent manner. In vivo the intra-neoplastic inoculation of G207 caused significantly decreased tumor growth in athymic mice harboring subcutaneous human renal cancer cells. On day 14 the mean growth ratio of ACHN and A498 lesions was significantly inhibited in G207 treated compared to control tumors (p <0.005 and <0.0001, respectively).
Conclusions: These results suggest that G207 should be considered another potential therapeutic agent for renal cell carcinoma.