On binocular alternation

Perception. 2000;29(12):1437-45. doi: 10.1068/p3017.


Diaz-Caneja (1928) made some prescient observations about binocular rivalry. Being in French, however, his paper remained largely unknown to the broader research community. His findings are similar to those reported very recently by contemporary researchers who had independently observed similar phenomena. Using concentric circles and parallel lines as stimuli, Diaz-Caneja presented half of each form to opposite eyes to provoke binocular rivalry. He observed periods in the ensuing binocular alternations in which rivalry occurred between the good Gestalt forms, despite the fact that they were distributed between the eyes. He proposed that each half of a good form generates synchronised oscillations in the visual system, and that this synchronisation enables the dichoptically viewed halves of the one form to be perceived as a whole.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Depth Perception / physiology
  • Form Perception / physiology
  • Humans
  • Vision Disparity / physiology*
  • Vision, Binocular / physiology*
  • Visual Pathways / physiology