Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, bioinformatics, and mass spectrometry are key analysis tools in proteome analysis. The further characterization of post-translational modifications in gel-separated proteins relies fully on data obtained by mass spectrometric analysis. In this study, stress-induced changes in protein expression in Saccharomyces serevisiae were investigated. A total of eleven spots on a silver-stained two-dimensional (2-D) gel were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) peptide mass mapping to represent C and/or N-terminal processed forms of enolase 2. The processing sites were determined by MALDI peptide mass mapping using a variety of proteolytic enzymes, by optimizing the sample preparation procedure and by specific labeling of all C-termini derived from in-gel digestion using a buffer containing 16O:18O (1:1). Out of eleven processed forms of enolase 2, six were fully characterized and the approximate processing sites identified for the remaining five.