Platelet factor 4 (PF-4) is a CXC-chemokine with strong anti-angiogenic properties. We have shown previously that PF-4 inhibits angiogenesis by associating directly with fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2), inhibiting its dimerization, and blocking FGF-2 binding to endothelial cells. We now have characterized a small peptide domain (PF-447-70) derived from the C-terminus of PF-4, which conserves anti-angiogenic effects of the parent protein. PF-447-70 inhibited internalization of 125I-FGF-2 by endothelial cells in a time-dependent manner. The peptide reduced FGF-2-stimulated cell migration to control levels in wounded monolayers of bovine capillary endothelial cells. PF-447-70 also reduced FGF-2 induced phosphorylation of MAP kinases ERK-1 and ERK-2, which are essential for migration and survival of endothelial cells. In a serum-free ex vivo angiogenesis assay, the peptide blocked microvessel outgrowth by 89%. A single amino acid substitution within PF-447-70 abolished all inhibitory activities. To simulate a real anti-angiogenic treatment situation, we administered PF-447-70 systemically to mice implanted subcutaneously with FGF-2 containing gelatin sponges with the result of sparse, scattered, and immature vessel growth. The small peptide fragment derived from the angio-inhibitory CXC-chemokine PF-4 might be used as a starting point to develop anti-angiogenic designer drugs for angiogenesis-dependent pathologies such as cancer, diabetic retinopathy, and rheumatoid arthritis.