NUB1, a NEDD8-interacting protein, is induced by interferon and down-regulates the NEDD8 expression

J Biol Chem. 2001 Jun 8;276(23):20603-9. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M100920200. Epub 2001 Mar 19.


NEDD8, a ubiquitin-like protein, covalently conjugates to cullin family members. It appears to control vital biological events through its conjugation to cullins. To study how this conjugation pathway is regulated, we performed yeast two-hybrid screening by using NEDD8 as a bait and isolated a cDNA fragment encoding a potent down-regulator of the NEDD8 expression. Here, we report this novel regulator, NUB1 (NEDD8 Ultimate Buster-1). NUB1 is composed of 601 residues with a calculated 69.1-kDa molecular mass. It is an interferon-inducible protein and predominantly localized in the nucleus. The NUB1 message is specifically expressed in adult human testis, ovary, heart, and skeletal muscle tissues and is developmentally down-regulated in mouse embryos. In biochemical analysis, we found that NUB1 overexpression leads to severe reduction of NEDD8 monomer and NEDD8 conjugates in cells. This reduction is not due to down-regulation of NEDD8 transcription, but due to post-transcriptional mechanism. As expected from this activity, overexpression of NUB1 had a profound growth-inhibitory effect on U2OS cells. Thus, NUB1 is a strong down-regulator of the NEDD8 expression and appears to play critical roles in regulating biological events, including cell growth.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • COS Cells
  • Cell Division
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Down-Regulation*
  • Humans
  • Interferons / physiology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • NEDD8 Protein
  • Protein Binding
  • Subcellular Fractions / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis*
  • Transcription Factors / chemistry
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Two-Hybrid System Techniques
  • Ubiquitins / metabolism*


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • DNA, Complementary
  • NEDD8 Protein
  • NEDD8 protein, human
  • NUB1 protein, human
  • Nedd8 protein, mouse
  • Nub1 protein, mouse
  • Transcription Factors
  • Ubiquitins
  • Interferons

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF300717