Intrarenal synthesis of complement

Kidney Int. 2001 Apr;59(4):1227-35. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1755.2001.0590041227.x.


During the past decade, research has shown that the kidney has the capacity to synthesize most of the activation pathway components of the complement cascade. As well as implying physiological roles in local clearance of immune complexes and defense against invasive organisms, an increasing amount of evidence indicates that the intrarenal synthesis of complement makes an important contribution in the pathogenesis of renal injury. Here we review this evidence and present a case for more definitive investigation of these functions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Complement System Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Humans
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Kidney Diseases / etiology
  • Kidney Transplantation / immunology
  • Nephritis / etiology


  • Complement System Proteins