Eosinophilic gastroenteritis mimicking acute appendicitis

Am Surg. 2000 Oct;66(10):990-2.


Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare entity that can be treated successfully with glucocorticoid therapy if the appropriate diagnosis is made. However, it may present with symptomatology mimicking acute surgical conditions. We present the case of a 26-year-old man who presented with diffuse epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Extensive workup including upper endoscopy and imaging study revealed gastritis with ulcer and ascites. The patient developed right lower quadrant pain with localized peritonitis and leukocytosis. He underwent appendectomy and small bowel biopsy. Pathology revealed eosinophilic cellular infiltrate of both the appendiceal and small intestinal wall. The unique features of this condition are reviewed and surgical approaches are discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen, Acute / etiology*
  • Adult
  • Appendectomy
  • Appendicitis / diagnosis*
  • Appendicitis / pathology
  • Appendicitis / surgery
  • Appendix / pathology
  • Biopsy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Eosinophilia / diagnosis*
  • Eosinophilia / pathology
  • Eosinophilia / surgery
  • Gastroenteritis / diagnosis*
  • Gastroenteritis / pathology
  • Gastroenteritis / surgery
  • Humans
  • Ileum / pathology
  • Male