Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) regulate a number of angiogenic cellular responses such as migration of endothelial cells. To examine the role of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in endothelial cell migration, chemotaxis toward FGF-2 was determined in murine brain capillary endothelial cells, denoted IBE cells. PD98059, a specific inhibitor for MAPK/Erk kinase, inhibited FGF-2-induced chemotaxis of IBE cells. It has been reported that c-Src tyrosine kinase phosphorylates focal adhesion kinase at tyrosine 925 within focal adhesions, which in turn creates the binding site for Grb2, leading to MAPK activation. The Src family tyrosine kinase inhibitor, PP1, as well as overexpression of kinase-inactive c-Src, attenuated chemotaxis toward FGF-2. To investigate the signaling events involved in FGF-2-induced chemotaxis, MAPK activation was monitored in IBE cells by indirect immunofluorescence staining. Activated MAPK was initially observed in the cytoplasm and gradually moved into nuclei. A fraction of MAPK was activated by FGF-2 within focal adhesions, where FGF receptor-1 and Src family kinases were also colocalized. MAPK activation within focal adhesions was remarkably decreased in kinase-inactive c-Src-expressing IBE cells. Our data suggest that activation of MAPK by FGF-2 within focal adhesions may depend on c-Src activity and is crucial for FGF-2-induced migration of IBE cells.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.