Recent studies have demonstrated the usefulness of dendritic cells (DCs) genetically modified by adenovirus vectors (Ad) to immunotherapy, while sufficient gene transduction into DCs is required for high doses of Ad. The RT-PCR analysis revealed that the relative resistance of DCs to Ad-mediated gene transfer is due to the absence of Coxsackie-adenovirus receptor expression, and that DCs expressed adequate alpha(v)-integrins. Therefore, we investigated whether fiber-mutant Ad containing the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence in the fiber knob can efficiently transduce and express high levels of the LacZ gene into DCs. The gene delivery by fiber-mutant Ad was more efficient than that by conventional Ad in both murine DC lines and normal human DCs (NHDC). Furthermore, NHDC transduced with fiber-mutant Ad and conventional Ad at 8000-vector particles/cell resulted in a 70-fold difference in beta-galactosidase activity. We propose that alpha(v)-integrin-targeted Ad is a very powerful tool with which to implement DC-based vaccination strategies.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.