A retrospective review of 86 neonates with candidemia hospitalized from January 1989 through June 1999 was conducted to determine the frequency of ophthalmologic, visceral, or cardiac involvement. Retinal abnormalities were observed in 4 (6%) of the 67 infants in whom indirect ophthalmoscopy examination was performed. Abdominal ultrasound abnormalities were detected in 5 (7.7%) of 65 infants. Echocardiogram revealed thrombi or vegetations in 11 (15.2%) of 72 infants. Age at onset, presence of central venous catheters, and species of Candida were not predictors for involvement at these sites. Infants with candidemia that lasted > or =5 days were more likely to demonstrate ophthalmologic, renal, or cardiac abnormalities than those with a shorter duration. Infants with involvement of these organs received larger cumulative doses of amphotericin B than those without detectable abnormalities. Because complication of disseminated candidiasis by eye, renal, or cardiac involvement has therapeutic implications, and because risk factors for candidemia inadequately predict these complications, evaluations are indicated for all neonates with candidemia.