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Review
. 2001 Feb;49(1):86-95.
doi: 10.1016/s0369-8114(00)00011-0.

[Role and Functional Spectrum of HPTLC in a Hospital Pharmaceutical Quality Control Program]

[Article in French]
Affiliations
Review

[Role and Functional Spectrum of HPTLC in a Hospital Pharmaceutical Quality Control Program]

[Article in French]
P Bourget et al. Pathol Biol (Paris). .

Abstract

As part of the development of a quality assurance program (QAP), a high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) analysis unit was installed in the pharmacy department at Gustave-Roussy. The HPTLC-CAMAG consists of: 1) an HPTLC-Vario development chamber for optimization of the mobile phases; 2) TLC Sampler III automated sample applicators; 3) solid teflon migration chambers, i.e., horizontal tanks that enable separation to be carried out either in sandwich or in saturation mode; 4) a TLC Scanner 3 densitometer controlled by CATS 4 software; and 5) a Pentium MMX 233 MHz personal computer with an external backup unit. HPTLC quantitative and qualitative analysis has now reached a remarkably high level of development and performance. The samples (aqueous or non-aqueous solutions) that are to be processed are automatically applied by spraying (50-300 nl) in calibrated bands of a few mm (with up to 64 3-mm bands per 10 x 20 cm plate) on high-performance stationary phases and of wide technological diversity. The chromatogram is obtained in 10 min, and run over a migration pathway of 5-6 cm. The plates are read by absorption-reflection or fluorescence-reflection at an ad hoc wavelength (190-800 nm), then the peak areas which have been scanned are calculated by the trapezoid method. The calibration curves are generated by Michaelis-Menten non-linear regression, and validated by internal quality control. The analytical yield is high, i.e., up to 50 assays and 250 determinations per day. HPTLC analysis covers a wide functional range, and can be used in the following ways: 1) as a teaching tool for separative analysis and GLP; 2) it is an invaluable method for the optimization of mobile phases and for the determination of absorption spectra and absorption maxima, with a view to developing HPLC methods in complex matrices; 3) it provides major support for post-production quality control of prescribed hospital preparations of all types, e.g., those connected with parenteral nutrition, chemotherapy, synthetic narcotic analgesia; and it can also be used for dry dosage analysis; 4) it is useful in pharmaceutical assessment, e.g., in studies on the physico-chemical characteristics of various substances, such as their identity, purity, concentration, stability and compatibility, particularly with regard to generic products; 5) it can contribute to monitoring the safety of medical apparatus and equipment via the analysis of container-content interactions; 6) it provides a qualification system for personnel and procedures for within- and between-center validation of GMP. Setting up such an HPTLC quality control unit requires a basic investment of about 0.9 MF or 70,000 US dollars for a cost of no more than 10 F or 1.5 US dollars (including tax) per routine assay. After 18 months in operation and 16,500 assays, the HPTLC analysis unit has become one of the mainstays of the Gustave-Roussy QAP.

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