Outbreak of West Nile Virus Infection, Volgograd Region, Russia, 1999

Emerg Infect Dis. Jan-Feb 2001;7(1):128-32. doi: 10.3201/eid0701.010118.


From July 25 to October 1, 1999, 826 patients were admitted to Volgograd Region, Russia, hospitals with acute aseptic meningoencephalitis, meningitis, or fever consistent with arboviral infection. Of 84 cases of meningoencephalitis, 40 were fatal. Fourteen brain specimens were positive in reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assays, confirming the presence of West Nile/Kunjin virus.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Humans
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Russia / epidemiology
  • Time Factors
  • West Nile Fever / diagnosis
  • West Nile Fever / epidemiology*
  • West Nile virus / classification